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The Record and guide: v. 38, no. 965: September 11, 1886

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September 11, 1886 The Record and Guide. 1119 THE RECORD AND GUIDE, Published every Saturday. 191 Broad^w^sL-v, I^Q". "Y. Onr Teleplione Call Is ... . money which recommends him to the favor of the machine poli¬ ticians. He has no special fitness for the position of chief magis¬ trate of this city. JOHN 370. TERMS: ONE YEAR, in advance; SIX DOLLARS. vommunications should be addressed to C. W, SWEET, 191 Broadway. J. T. LIKDSEY, Business Manager. Vol. XXXVIII. SEPTEMBER 11, 1886. No. 965. The most hopeful sign of the times is the dullness of speculation in all the leading exchanges and the remarkable activity in the general business pf the country. Stocks are strong and ought to see higher figures, but the general public keeps away from Wall street, while the Cotton, Produce and Petroleum exchanges are no longer the scenes of eager strife between excited brokers. Money has ruled easier in the loan market during the past week, but if the activity in general business continues we may again see the high rates which obtained in August. The cotton crop has got to be moved, and the money to do it will come mainly from our New York banks. The railroad returns are remarkably large, and the demand comes fr^m every quarter for more freight cars. It is evident now that the transportation liues will have all they can do up to the close of the present crop year. The heavy building movement underway is undoubtedly adding to the business of the roads, who have to transport the lumber and much of the material used in the construction of new edifices. Altogether the business outlook is very promising. It has been repeatedly said in these columns that war would in all probability break out in Europe immediately on the death of Kaiser Wilhelm. This fact is the key to the situation in South¬ eastern Europe to-day which is so puzzling to the writers on our daily press. Bismarck, the Crown Prince, Germany, Austria and Great Britain have been ready and eager for war, to beat back Russia from Constantinople as well as in Central Asia. This view is borne out in the following extract from a dispatch in the Times from its well-informed London correspondent: How much the aged Kaiser's friendship for the Romanoffs bequeathed to Mm on the deathbed of his father has done during the last thirty years to pres""rve peace between Germany and Russia will not be known till the inner history of the Russian Court is some day revealed. But every informed person believes it to have been the one controlling feeling of the old sovereign's life which even Bismarck and the Crowa Prince have been unable to override. It is due to this deep pers mal feeling of the Kaiser jthat Germany has so often swallowed almost insufferable humiliations from Russia and so often accepted the mission of doing Russia's dirty work. It is universally felt that the essential preliminary of any rupture of the triple alliance would be to convince the Kaiser that Alexander III. is an unworthy successor to his grandfather, whom the old Kaiser so loved. If anything could do that it would be .-just such a letter as the Czar, in his sulky wrath, was decoyed into writing to the German officer on the Bul¬ garian throne. Our readers, keeping this fact in mind, can understand why it is there may be no war on the Eastern question during the life of the present Emperor of Germany. The New York daily news¬ papers have been inventing all kinds of theories of what has been going on in Bulgaria, overlooking the above explanation, which is the true one. The list of candidates for Mayor is enlargening. Andrew H. ■Green has been suggested. No one is better posted than he on the needs of our local government, while his honesty is unimpeach¬ able. But he is not a popular man, and has made quite an unne¬ cessary number of enemies. Notwithstanding his services to this community, when he ran for Alderman-at-large the vote he polled was less than that of his party. Thomas C. Acton has also been mentioned. He, too, would make an admirable Mayor, for during all his active life he has held executive positions, which he has filled with credit tp himself and with benefit to the community. He would not, however, be popular with the liquor interest; for when the Sunday liquor law first went into force he was president of the Police Board, and, with the co-operation of Superintendent Kennedy, the law was rigidly carried out. It is absurd to say that even a prohibitory law could not be enforced in New York city. Mr. Acton showed that liquor selling could be stopped one day in the week, then why not every day if officials such as lie were armed with'authority to see that tlie law was obeyed? Levi P.Morton is also in the field as a candidate for Mayor on the Republican ticket. Unfortunately this gentleman has been named for so many differ- ,mt offices that a well-founded suspicion exists that it is his Theodore Roosevelt has been pressed so earnestly for Mayor" that to get him out of the way the Republican politicians talk of run¬ ning him for Congress. While Mr. Roosevelt would make a con-, scientious and intelligent representative his proper place would be at the head of a city ticket for Mayor. All his public training fits him peculiarly tor that position. At the same time something should be done to raise the character of our Congressmen. New York makes a poor showing at the national capitol. The news that S. S. Cox proposes to resign his diplomatic employment at Con¬ stantinople to contest an east side Democratic district this fall is, we hope, true. Mr. Cox has defects of character and has not always voted in the way we wished he would do, but he is a man of brains and would be a representative we need not be ashamed of. Persons like Tim Campbell should be remanded to private life. --------•-------- Goethe saw but one battle. It was Valmi, where the insubor¬ dinate French revolutionary army under Dumourcez met and •■ defeated the admirably trained troops disciplined in the school of the great Frederick. Afterwards, when asked what he thought of the fight, the greatest literary authority in the German language said: '' I witnessed a battle which marked an epoch and ushered in a new era." The daily press has recorded the fact that on the 6th of September the labor unions turned out in procession in all the large cities of the Union. They aggregated in numbers hundreds of thousands. We have had parades of the trades before, but they made their appearance in political processions and were intended to help or hurt politicians advocating protection or free trade. This typified the fact that in our past history the industrial classes sub¬ ordinated their interests to those of the politicians. But the great parades of last Monday were avowedly non-politi^'.al. Labor glori¬ fied itself. The working people announced that they were organ¬ ized to advance their own interests, which have a social rather than a political aim in view. —-------•-------- Does this procession of the trades, like the battle of Valmi, mark a new era in the internal history of the country ? Will the vast mass of wage-receivers, who comprise 99-100 of the voters of the country, hereafter assume the mastership in the politics of the nation? The most intelligent of them are already organized into trades unions; and then there is another organization powerful in numbers, embracing all classes of the working people, known as the Knights of Labor. Will these organized masses of working people hold together on election day ? If they do they are masters of the situation, for they have organization and numbers, while the capitalist class, outside of the corporations, have no unity of leadership or action. Heretofore the historic parties, into which the country has been divided politically since the adoption of the constitution, have been able to hold the masses in opposing camps, and, on election day, the workingmen became Federals, Whigs, Republicans, or Democrats, and forgot that they had any special interests of their own to look after. These great political organic zSitions were often dominated by powerful pecuniary interests, The slaveholders were once all-powerful in the Democratic party. The manufacturing interests are a controlling force in the two existing political organizations. The coming elections will show whether the organized wage-receivers are prepared to break with their old party associates and set up a new political organlzatiou of their own. Should they do so it will mark a new beginning iri the domestic history of the country. It is an ominous circumstance that the person chiefly honored by the New York trades unions was Henry George, who was officially asked to view the procession. This man has achieved distinction by writing a book to show that all the poverty in the world is due to the private ownership of land. His one panacea for the poverty and physical misery of mankind is the exploitation of all who hold property ih land, the government to be the sole owner hereafter. Mr. George's work is brilliantly written, and is a very destructive criticism of the theories of the political economists. The work has been widely circulated in Europe as well as in this country, but Mr. George's radical panacea for poverty has not been deemed of any value by any school representing the best thought of the age. Should the city and factory workingmen commit themselves to this land theory it would array all the land-owners, and they are very enormous m this country, on the side of the employers and capitalists, but it is very significant that in the State platforms put out by both parties recently, planks are inserted intended to placate the laboring masses. •- --------•-------- Well, the Mayflower has won one of the three races, and the Galatea will doubtless be discomfited in the other trials, but what good wiU come of it ? It will be a cheap triumph over England, as showing the superiority of our sailing vessels at'a period in the history pf modern commerce when vessels with sails are obsolete.